The wonderful world of tattoo.
TATTOING or TATTOO is a form of CRAFT witch results on body modification with the technique of introducing ink into the dermis layer of the skin in order to change its color.
The word tattoo, or tattow the 18th c., Is borrowed from the Polynesian word tatau, meaning correct, skillful.
The OED gives the etymology of the word tattoo as “In 18th c. tattaow, tattow. In the islands of Polynesia (Tahiti, Samoa, Tonga, etc.) tatau. In the Marquesas Islands, Tatu. ».
Before the introduction of Polynesian word in the vocabulary, the tattoo practice was described in the West as marking, painting or staining.
The sailors during their travels later, adopt the word as the restoration of the tattoo concept in Europe.
NOT to be confused with the origins of the word on the military march- also see military tattoo.
In this case, the English word tattoo comes from the Dutch word ta(p)toe (OED).
The first written reference to the tattoo word (or tatau), appears to Joseph Banks calendar (February 24, 1743 – June 19, 1820), the naturalist on HMS Endeavour ship of explorer Cook: “Now I will make reference to the indelible scarring himself and each of them is marked as depending on his humor or his mood. ” The word «tattoo» was introduced to Europe by the explorer Captain James Cook when he returned in 1769 from his first trip to Haiti and New Zealand.
In the narrative of the journey, refers to an activity called «tattaw». Priori described as marking, painting or staining.  The tattoo enthusiasts may refer to tattoos as “Ink”, “parts”, “art skin” “art of tattooing,” “tats” or “work”, while the creators as “tattoo artists”, “tatouers “or” tatouists “and the places where they work as” tattoo shops “,” tattoo studio “or” tattoo parlors.
” The art gallery of expressing the dominant trend of the time organizing exhibitions for both conventional as well as for custom tattoo designs like Bigiont Skin of Croydon Museum.
Tattoo designs copyrighted massively produced and sent to tattoo artists are known as “flash” a remarkable example of industrial design. The pages with flash designs are posted in prominent places numerous tattoo parlors to provide both inspiration and ready-made tattoos for customers.
The Japanese word Irezoumi (入 れ 墨) means “insertion of ink” and may refer to tattoos generated using tebori with traditional Japanese method with hands, by Western-type machine, or in any case by any method tattoo used to insert the ink.
he most common terms used for traditional Japanese tattoo is Chorimono (彫 り 物, 彫 物).
The Japanese may use the word “tattoo” referring to non-Japanese type mode tattoos.
Anthropologist Henry Ling Roth in 1900 described four methods of skin marking and suggested to distinguish under the names «tatu», «Tā moko», «cicatrix» and «keloid».
The American Academy of Dermatology distinguishes five types of tattoos:
- traumatic tattoos, also referred to as “natural tattoos” and emerged after injuries, especially after the asphalt road, or injuries of pencil tip.
- Amateur tattoos / professional tattoos are those obtained through traditional methods and those using modern machines.
- Aesthetic tattoos also known as permanent makeup.
- Operating tattoos& medical tattoos.
Traumatic tattoos ,according to George Orwell, coal miners could develop characteristic tattoos due to the coal dust that seeped in them.
This scars also can occur with substances like gunpowder.
Similarly, a traumatic tattoo occurs when a substance such as asphalt is rubbed into a wound that is the result of some kind of accident or injury. These substances are extremely difficult to remove as they tend to spread out in several layers of the skin making, depending on the region, inevitable scarring or permanent discoloration.
The amalgam tattoo is when dental amalgam particles are implanted in the soft tissues of the mouth, usually the gums, during mounting or sealing removal. Another example of creating a traumatic tattoo is the result of a deliberate or accidental injury with a pencil or pen, leaving graphite or ink beneath the skin.
Amateur and professional tattoos
Amateur and professional tattoos, creating tattooed women tribe Koita in Papua New Guinea, traditionally began at the age of five years and added every year, with V-shaped tattoo on the chest to indicate that it has reached marriageable age.
Many tattoos serve as rites ,of passage-like symbols, indicate the position and hierarchy, as religious and spiritual devotion symbols ,as decorative elements for bravery ,as sexual lures and fertility symbols, like love declarations, as punishments, as amulets, as protection and as symbols of the fringe or of slaves and prisoners.
The symbolism and impact of tattoos varies according to different places and cultures.
The tattoo can indicate how the person feels about a relative of his or a non-cognate person.
People choose to tattoo for artistic, aesthetic, emotional / commemorative, religious and magical reasons, and to symbolize that either they’re members(somewhat), or the identification of specific groups, including criminal gangs (see criminal tattoos) or a particular group denoting ethnicity or relationship with groups related to social structure.
Some Maori members , until today choose to have complex tattoo moko on their faces.
In Cambodia, Laos and Thailand Yantra tattoos are used for protection against evil and to bring good luck.
The Biblical tattoos in Western culture is still very popular. Many people basically Christians have a psalm or verse from the Bible to tattoo their bodies although some people have tattoos that relate to the Bible even if they are not Christians. Popular lyrics are, John 3:16, Philippians 4:13 and Singing 23.
In the Philippines certain breeds have the belief that tattoos have magical properties and protect anyone who has it. Most tattooing in the Philippines is on the achievements of life or position in this race that has it. Extensive decorative tattooing is common among members of traditional freak show and performing artists who follow their tradition.
Identification Marking with tattoo for a deserter in the British Army,is skin removal after death. Also, there are people who have tattoos against their will. A well known example is the identification system of prisoners of Nazi camps during Holocaust. The Nazis adopted this practice of marking the Auschwitz camp in 1941 to identify the corpses of the registered prisoners in concentration camps. During recording,they tattooed the outline of the digits of the serial number registration, on the arms of the prisoner. Tattoos have also been used as a method of identification in other ways. Already by the time of the Zhou Dynasty, the Chinese authorities will use facial tattoos as a means of punishment for specific offenses or to mark prisoners or slaves.
During the Roman Empire, the Roman soldiers were required by law to have identifying tattoos on their hands to make difficult their desertion.
Gladiators and slaves did tattoos for similar reasons: slaves exported marked with the words “tax paid” and it was common practice to place the tattoo on the forehead with the words “Stop me. I’m a fugitive.”
Because of Biblical references that were contrary to this tactic, Emperor Constantine he banned facial tattooing around 330 AD and the Second Council of Nicaea in 787 AD banned any marking sign on the body as a practice followed by the Pagans.
Tattoos for identification purposes as many survivors of Auschwitz Camp declared.
During the early period of contact between Maori and Europeans, Maori hunted and beheading each other for their moko tattoos, which are exchanged with European items such as axes and guns
The moko facial tattoo designs were made both women and men to declare their origin, their social position and status in the tribe. The art of tattooing was perceived as a sacred sign of identification among Maori and yet, considered as a means to save someone Tapoa (tapu) or the spirit of the afterlife.
Sometimes tattoos are used by coroners to help them identify burned, in advanced sepsis or mutilated corpses. As the pigment of the tattoo is trapped deep in the skin, tattoos are hard to destroy, even if skin burn. Tattoos are made also on animals, though rarely for decorative reasons. For the purpose of, the demonstrative animals, thorough bred on horses and livestock, are sometimes marked with identification and other marks. The technique of the marking used for similar reasons, usually without the use of anesthesia, but differs from the art of tattooing as well in the process does not use ink or paint. Pets, dogs and cats, sometimes marked with a serial tattoo number (usually in the ear, or inside of the thigh) via which their owners can recognize, although the use of a microchip is further increasing popular option.
Permanent Makeup Lip Tattoo. The cosmetic surgery industry continues to see the existence of an increasingly growing trend for treatments both surgically and non-invasively (Gimlin 2002, Sullivan 2001).
When the tattoo is used for aesthetic purposes, including permanent makeup and cover or neutralizing skin discolorations. Its called permanent tattoo if the tattoo is used to enhance eyebrows or lips (the outline and / or filling), or eyes (the outline) or even the moles, usually with natural colors as the design is intended to resemble with makeup. A growing trend in the United States and Great Britain is to artistic create tattoo nipples over surgical scars of mastectomies. “More and more women are choosing not to restore their breasts after mastectomy but to make tattoos on the scar tissue … The mastectomy tattoos will become another option for former cancer patients and a conscious choice for people to regain control on the bodies after their cancer and prove once and for all that breast cancer is not just a pink ribbon. “However, the tattoo nipples in breasts that have recovered remains of great demand.
Operating tattoos& medical tattoos.
Operating tattoo: primarily used for a purpose other than aesthetics. Such use is tattooed in patients with Alzheimer’s with their names so that their recognition be easy if their disappearance.
Medical tattoos that indicated blood type and date of birth. Medical tattoos are used to ensure correct positioning of tools during the repeated application of radiotherapy and area in some forms of breast reconstruction.
Tattoos have also been used to convey medical information about the patient (ex. blood group, medical condition, etc.). Moreover, tattooing tones skin used to cover vitiligo, a disorder in the pigmentation of the skin. The blood group tattoo of SS (German: Blutgruppentätowierung) did the members of the Waffen-SS Nazi Germany during World War II to the identified type of the blood. After the war, the tattoo was the first indication, if not the perfect proof that someone was a member of the Waffen-SS, which resulted in the arrest and possible prosecution. This led some former members of the Waffen-SS to shoot theirselves in hand in order to remove the tattoo, leaving them with scars such as those arising after vaccination smallpox, making removal less obvious. Probably tattoos were also used in ancient medicine as part of the patient’s treatment. In 1898, Doctor Daniel Fougket, wrote an article on “medical tattoo” that took place in Ancient Egypt, which describes the signs of tattoos found on female mummies discovered in the region Deir el-Allspice. Assume that tattoos and other signs were observed in the bodies may have medicinal or therapeutic purposes. ‘Consideration of these scars, some white, other blue, leave no doubt that it is, essentially, a decorative element, but an established treatment for the condition of the pelvis, possibly chronic pelvic peritonitis
“Each variant undertakes different STATES of knowledge on application AND REQUIRES ADDITIONAL SPECIALIZATION . EDUCATION by seminar ADDRESSED TO ALL independently the AREA of interest , either beginners or PROFESSIONALS ,either WANTing to answer certain QUESTIONS and consultation ,tutoring OR INTERESTED on starting a TATTOO career.
The tattoo IS created by placing pigment in the dermis of the skin..( a layer of skin tissue ). After the initial injection, the dye is dispersed throughout the homogenised damaged layer below the epidermis and upper dermis, a part where the presence of a foreign substance activates phagocytes of the immune system to swallow the particles of the pigment. As healing progresses, the broken flakes of skin are removed (eliminating surface pigment) while deeper into the skin tissue was formed by granulating the skin, which is later converted to connective tissue collagen after development. This fixes the upper dermis wherein the pigment is entrapped within the fibroblast and finally concentrated in a layer immediately below the boundary between the dermis to the epidermis.
The presence therein is stabilized, but in the long term (decades) the pigment tends to move deeper into the dermis, the phenomenon causing the faded detail of old tattoos.
STANDARD MACHINE TATTOO (coil or rotaries)
In some tribal cultures traditionally created drawings of tattoos to skin trimming and rubbing the resulting wound with ink, ashes and other substances. Partial cultures continue this practice, which can be considered a supplement technique the mark. Some cultures create tattooed marks of putting ink into the skin puncturing by hand, using sharpened sticks or animal bones (made like needles) with clay formed disks, or in modern times with the use of needles.
The most common method of creating tattoos nowadays is electric tattoo machine, which introduces the ink to the skin via a needle or group of needles soldered on a bar, which is applied to the vibration part of the machine. This section rapidly and repeatedly directing the needles in and out of the skin, usually at a rate of 80-150 times (or faster nowdays) per second. This modern technique is usually safe to the issue of hygiene. The needles are disposable and packaged separately.
The tattoo artist must wash their hands and the surface where the tattoo is made. They should use gloves throughout the procedure and the wound should be wiped regularly with a damp disposable towel. The equipment must be sterilized in a certified airproof type boiling tank (autoclave) before and after each use.
The aim of the seminar is the completion of the accelerated program for the student to have the possibility of creation a personal portofolio and also realization of the art of TATTOOING in applied level.
All courses include theory and practice. (The practical part is done in synthetic leather or silicone ONLY !!)
TATTOO seminars can be obtain by both PROFESSIONALS OR AMATEURS.
THE GOAL TO CREATE, EDIT AND realise PROJECTS from the beginning till completion , with the the guidance of an experienced tattoo artist throughout each frame/sector of the seminar.
During the course, STUDENTS will be able to learn and experiment with TECHNICAL TATTOO knowledge such as basic chemistry , colour theory , simple electromagnetic principalities/ physics , basic microbiology and hygienics , sterilization procedures , time management , attitude management ,client management , drawing ,personal development and the importance use of technical software such as PHOTOSHOP,for editing or manipulation , marketing purposes and so many other attributes of the tattoo industry/art .
The frame of the courses (on the design part) are depending on the level of each individual
seminars conducted at predetermined times by frequency indicative 1-3 times a week(for one to one lessons)or via skype for teams.
Preferable would be a pre-existing basic knowledge of painting or drawing,but also we can propose a preparatory course for those who need it.
FIELDS COVERED BY SEMINARS
- Hygienic and first aids
- Tattoo machines (acquaintance and Applied info / operations and wiring)
- skin Anatomy physiology, type of skin.
- basic Microbiology Disinfection, PROTOCOLS, sterilization
- theory of color (tone , saturation , contrast )
- implementing body tattoos Presentation
- implementing body tattoo pigments and analysis
- materials used ,skin and suitable material selection on application
- separation LINER & SHADER
- Application on the body with different styles of design
- professional advice and tips
- labor and relevant legislation
- portfolio Creation
- Profile creation
- time management
- marketing & management
- legal and civil education
- PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT
ALL PRACTICE DURING THE SEMINARS IS DONE ON SYNTHETIC SKIN ONLY !!
Contact us at:
WWW.CMTATTOOS.GR or via our contact form
TELEPHONE: +30 210 9560 992.
ADDRESS (C.M.T. STUDIO):
LASKARIDOU 100 – KALITHEA – ATHENS/GREECE